Lesson Plan Suggestions
For Field Trips To The Ice Cave And Bandera Volcano

The following suggestions may allow you to get the most out of your field trip to the Ice Caves and Bandera Volcano. On-line activities are open-ended to allow adaptation to your teaching situation. Please feel free to modify according to your needs.

1. Discuss with your students what a volcano is, and how it forms. Bandera Volcano is a cinder cone. Compare it with volcano like as Mt. St. Helens and others. Do you students know what a lava tube is, and the various forms of lava such as AA and Pahoehoe?

2. View video tapes that illustrate mountain building and volcano formation. One such video tape available from the U.S. Geological Survey is the "LIVING ROCK". Another video tape would be our own "LAND OF FIRE AND ICE", available special to teachers for $7.50.

3. A field trip to the Ice Caves is also an outstanding nature walk. Do your students recognize the difference between Ponderosa Pine, Pinon Pine, Douglas Fir, and Juniper trees? The area also has abundant wild life, and you may see squirrels, chipmunks, blue jays, woodpeckers, and other wild life common to the New Mexico high country.

4. The Ice Cave is rich in culture as well. Indian ruins and artifacts dating back 800 - 1200 years to the Anasazi are visible along the trails and in the Trading Post Museum. Sheep, Cattle, Railroading, and Logging also played an important part in the early days of the Ice Cave. Discuss the history of the area with your students, and the important part the Ice Cave may have played for the early settlers in the area.

5. Be sure and have your students explore all aspects of our web site. Have them click on all hot images to bring up additional images and information about the Cave and Volcano. For example, do you recognize the well known mountain seen behind Bandera Crater after clicking the volcano view on our home page?

6. Make use of our On Line Activity section to measure the trails to Bandera and the Ice Cave. Other features to measure include the width of the cinder cone, length of the Lava Tube, and the area of the lava flow below Bandera. If you are familiar with NIH Image, you can set scale and do your measuring on the computer.

7. Discuss ahead of time the Field Trip Data Sheet provided for you on our web site. This data sheet may be printed out and copies made for students to fill in while on the field trip.

8. Search the Internet for web sites dealing with volcanoes. Listed below are the addresses of some volcano related sites:

A site on Mt. St. Helens
http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/msh/msh.html
The Volcano Information Center
http://magic.geol.ucsb.edu/~fisher

9. Go over the trailguide brochure on-line in any of the following languages. French German Italian Portuguese Spanish English